Style Guide

 

In the magazine we cover all architectural styles in Australia, from early settlement and its English influences, right up to the quirky tastes of the 1960s and 1970s. The dates provided here are approximate, as the different styles would have sprung up in the well-to-do suburbs for three to four years before they were widely adopted and recognised as a ‘style’.

1788 – 1840: Old Colonial Georgian

The Colonial Georgian in Australia was a simplified version of the classical style and was the earliest form of architecture brought by European settlers. […]

1830 – 1840: Colonial Regency

The typical Colonial Regency was square with two storeys. Each level consisted of four rooms off a central hall with a back hallway that […]

1840 – 1890: Victorian

The accession to the throne of Victoria in 1839 launched a period of wealth and enormous growth in Australia. Increased production in the agricultural […]

1865: Italian Villa

A medium-sized house, the Italian Villa was adopted from a domestic style popular among the middle classes in Regency England. Early examples appeared in […]

1850 – 1870: Gothic Revival

The typical Gothic Revival home was double storey with a steeply pitched corrugated iron or slate roof. The steep gable would be trimmed with […]

1880: Italianate

From the 1850s, the Italian influence in architecture started to seriously compete with the Gothic Revival style. By the 1880s, the Italianate façade was […]

1880 – 1900: Boom Style

The Boom Style was the flashy home of the self-made man. More decoration, towers, turrets – more was the trademark of this style! Boom […]

1900 – 1915: Edwardian and Federation

Strictly speaking, Edwardian houses were built during the reign of King Edward VII (1901-1910). They rejected Victorian features such as parapets, elaborate stucco details […]

1890 – 1915: Queen Anne Revival

Beginning with the economic recovery of the 1890s and continuing until World War I, the Queen Anne Revival style was a reaction against the […]

1910 – 1920: Arts and Crafts

This style heralded a return to craftsmanship and good, old-fashioned values. Arts and Crafts exponents turned to simplicity: natural materials, organic forms and craftsmanship. […]

1916 – 1930: Californian Bungalow

After World War I, this became a favourite house style in Australia, with Californian Bungalows springing up throughout towns and cities. The ‘Cal. Bung’ […]

1915 – 1940: Mediterranean

The Mediterranean style arrived in Sydney in 1918 with Professor Leslie Wilkinson, who was to take up the first post of chair of architecture […]

1930 – 1940: Old English

The Old English style, with its inbuilt respectability, was particularly popular among the ‘new moneyed’ and often termed ‘stockbroker Tudor’. The most obvious feature […]

1920 – 1930: Hollywood Spanish

In the 1920s, the home of the movie star arrived in Australia. A house of Mediterranean influences, this style was usually built of brick, […]

1930 – 1940: P&O

With its curved walls, flat rooflines, steel-framed windows and geometric motifs, this style was vastly different from existing Australian homes at the time, and […]

1950 – 1970: Post War

Post-World War II austerity had a big input into the design and construction of houses. A scarcity of materials such as bricks and roof […]